What are pimples?
When you think about anti-ageing skincare, your thoughts might veer towards an antioxidant-charged serum, or perhaps a product containing AHAs. After all, these types of products are specifically designed to make skin look smoother and fine lines appear less obvious. The idea of a cleanser falling into the anti-ageing category may not have even crossed your mind. And yet it actually all begins with proper cleansing. Indeed a study has shown that even a basic skincare regimen of cleansing and moisturising using mild products leaves skin looking better and healthier after just a month.1 That’s how important it is! Beyond the basics, though, here’s why the right cleanser should be considered the very first step in any anti-ageing skincare arsenal.
First and foremost, a cleanser’s job is to remove any unwanted particles from the skin’s surface, such as makeup, dirt particles, sebum and even leftover sunscreen or other products. Without this step, the particles settle and build up on the skin, making pores and fine lines look more pronounced. They can also start to mix with any dead skin cells that are still clinging to the skin’s surface (the stratum corneum), leading to blocked pores or skin that looks dull or congested. Try layering an anti-ageing skincare product over this mix of old makeup, sebum and dead cells and not surprisingly, it might not be as effective as you’d like it to be! Gently but thoroughly cleansing the skin first gets rid of the build-up and gives you a clean slate, so that your anti-ageing products are better able to do their job.
While it’s important to remove surface impurities, cleansing properly isn’t about simply stripping everything away. In fact, using a cleanser that’s too harsh or aggressive has been found to disrupt the barrier of the stratum corneum.2 This barrier on the outer layer of the skin is a mix of fatty acids, ceramides and other lipids, which keeps the skin looking and feeling healthy. Its finely-tuned balance can be disrupted when a cleanser not only removes particles from the surface but also strips away some of the natural lipids, too. When this happens, skin is left feeling tight, dry and irritated.2
Dry and irritated skin isn’t fun in and of itself, but in the longer term, it may also lead to the formation of premature lines. One study has found that dry skin puts more strain on the stratum corneum when different facial expressions are made. In turn, this leads to temporary lines appearing which, over time, will become permanent wrinkles.3
For the sake of both the short and long term, a good cleanser should leave skin feeling cleansed and comfortable, but never tight, dry or itchy.
So far we’ve looked at how the right cleanser sets up the skin so that it’s clear, healthy-looking and ready to receive any products that follow. However some cleansers themselves also give back, containing antioxidants or other skin-loving ingredients. Niacinamide (Vitamin B3) is one ingredient that has many benefits for ageing skin and that is now found in a number of cleansers. It’s been found to help improve the appearance of hyperpigmentation (dark spots), fine lines and wrinkles.4 It’s also low on irritation and well tolerated by many skin types.
Then there are alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), which can turbocharge a cleanser to give it mild exfoliating properties. As we get older this becomes increasingly important, as the skin’s natural ability to turn over and discard old cells slows down; they hang around for longer, making the skin look dull and lacklustre. A mild AHA such as lactic or glycolic acid helps speed up the process of sloughing away dead skin cells, leaving skin looking smoother and feeling softer, and diminishing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. As with any product containing AHAs, it’s important not to use them on irritated skin, and to start slowly, alternating with another cleanser until your skin builds up tolerance.
What are pimples?
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