Discover your skin type and how to care for it
Your skin is your body’s largest organ and although everyone has different skin, there are a few common skin types that can help you to identify where you fit on the spectrum. After all, understanding the different types of skin and discovering which one you have is the first step to achieving a healthier looking, more radiant complexion. When we know how our skin reacts and performs, we can select the right products to help take better care of it.
The three main skin types are known as Dry/Sensitive; Oily; and Normal/Combination. Although your skin type is primarily determined by genetics, numerous variables such as environmental factors, daily skincare habits and even hormones can impact the state of your skin, and how it performs its protective role. Each one of these has a particular set of characteristics and signs that you may notice when observing your skin’s condition. Here’s how to identify which one you are:
Dry or sensitive skin is experienced by many people and can be difficult to manage. While some suffer with genetic conditions such as eczema and psoriasis, others may be prone to redness and irritation caused by the environment. Dry or sensitive skin can range in severity too – stinging, itchiness, tightness and cracking are just some of the signs to look out for. Having sensitive or dry skin requires gentle and high-quality moisturising products with no irritants, as harsh products can trigger flare-ups or make symptoms worse. It’s important for those with dry or sensitive skin to help maintain their skin’s barrier function through hydration and to avoid stripping the skin of oils when cleansing. This will help prevent dryness, cracking and irritation. QV Gentle Cleanser is a mild, soap-free facial cleanser, ideal for dry or sensitive skin types. Try QV Moisturising Day Cream and QV Face Nurturing Night Cream to help replenish the skin’s lost moisture. It’s enriched with Safflower oil to help the skin feel softer and more supple.
Oily skin is caused by overactive sebaceous glands and can be a challenge for teenagers and adults alike. Excess oil can leave pores congested and clogged, leading to blackheads, blemishes and breakouts. Research shows that oily skin is one of the most common dermatologic concerns, even among those without acne because of its association with a ‘greasy’ and ‘unclean’ appearance1. Most people with an oily complexion will find that their skin appears shiny throughout the day and even after washing their face of a morning. This is likely to be noticeable in the T-zone – the area that runs across your forehead, between your eyebrows and down the nose to the chin. Oily or acne-prone skin types can help to lessen the impact of oily skin by using oil-free products. Hydration is still important, but instead, opt for a non-greasy moisturiser that is lightweight so it won’t block pores. Often people with oily skin will over cleanse the skin which can strip it of its natural oils. This can actually cause the skin to produce more oil in response. Try some products in the Azclear range; specifically Azclear Action Foaming Wash, a foaming wash to help remove dirt, oil and bacteria; Azclear Action Moisturiser SPF 30, a lightweight moisturising lotion that offers SPF 30, broad spectrum protection from the sun’s harmful UV rays; and Azclear Action Soothing Gel, a non-comedogenic soothing gel to help calm the skin.
Many people have ‘combo’ skin – or a combination of both dry and oily. Those with combination skin will often experience many of the same problems as oily skin such as enlarged pores and breakouts, particularly in the T-zone. However, they will also have dry patches on other areas of the face such as the cheeks, which may feel tight or appear flaky. Combo skin types should avoid rich, greasy or oil products to help avoid breakouts. Instead, opt for a lightweight oil-free moisturiser to help keep the skin hydrated and nourished. This will control the production of sebum, while also attending to the dry patches on the face. QV Rescue Gel is ideal for combination skin as it’s light and delivers a hydrating boost to the skin. Better yet, it’s suitable for use throughout the day, at night, and under make-up. To help replenish the skin’s moisture and minimise shine, try the gentle QV Face Oil Free Moisturiser.
TOP TIP: Don’t forget to protect the skin against the sun’s damaging rays. Try SunSense Daily Face SPF 50+ – a light, oil-free moisturising sunscreen – perfect for sensitive, oily and combination skin types.
Always read the label. Follow the directions for use. Avoid prolonged sun exposure and wear protective clothing, hats and eyewear to further reduce risk. Frequent re-application is required.
- Endly, C., Miller, R. A. (2017). Oily Skin: A review of Treatment Options. The Journal of clinical and aesthetic dermatology, 10(8), 49–55.
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